Six Californias

By The Numbers

The Economic Indicators below provide a snapshot of existing conditions within each of the proposed Six Californias. Other measures—shown for the selected comparison states—can be used to assess the economic potential of each of the proposed new states based on alternative policy models already applied elsewhere in the US.

All data is drawn from public data bases maintained by state and federal agencies, as compiled by the California Center for Jobs and the Economy. Additional details on each indicator and methodologies are available on the Center’s web site.

California Averages Vs. Six Californias

Indicator

Central California

Jefferson

N.California

Silicon Valley

S.California

W.California

Unemployment August 2014 10.5% 8.3% 6.5% 5.5% 6.9% 7.8%
Labor Force Part. Rate August 2014 59.4% 54.4% 62.5% 66.2% 60.6% 63.8%
Poverty Rate 2012 23.7% 20.7% 15.1% 12.2% 16.2% 18.3%
Violent Crimes per 100k 2012 602 439 404 474 328 425
Avg. Annual Wage 2013 $36.8k $33.8k $47.5k $81.8k $49.0k $52.7k
Civilian Empl. Change Aug 2014 vs. Aug 2013 +23.4k +2.9k +34.9k +87.7k +105.4k +131.2k
Personal Income Tax Revenue 2012 $2.5 bil $0.5bil $4.9bil $20.4bil $12.8bil $16.7bil
Corporate Income Tax Revenue 2011 $209.4mil $108.2mil $251.4mil $1.8bil $985.6mil $2.3bil
K-12 Proficiency: Math 2013 8.5% 9.7% 13.4% 20.4% 13.8% 13.6%
K-12 Proficiency: English 2013 16.1% 19.7% 24.4% 30.3% 23.1% 20.4%
  • Highest Performance
  • Lowest Performance

State-to-State Comparison

The comparison states were identified through an initial screening based on similar population size (2010 population +/- 20%) along with more subjective factors such as similar economic structure. Each of the proposed Six Californias is shown with a "high growth" and a "low growth" comparison state, identified through the unemployment rates.

 High State    Low State

Jefferson

The comparison states Montana and South Dakota both are relatively low population states with economies largely based on resource industries similar to the counties within the proposed Jefferson. The "high growth" comparison state, South Dakota, has also pursued economic development strategies that has made it competitive for back office operations serving many companies in the US. Counties: Butte, Colusa, Del Norte, Glenn, Humboldt, Lake, Lassen, Mendocino, Modoc, Plumas, Shasta, Siskiyou, Tehama, Trinity. Largest Cities: Redding, Chico, Eureka, Paradise, Arcata.

Jefferson Montana South Dakota
Population 949k 1.0mil 845k
Unemployment Rate 8.3% 4.2% 3.3%
Change in Employment +2.9k +9.5k +3.4k
Poverty Rate 20.7% 15.6% 13.6%
Private Wage &
Salary Jobs
221.6k 344.8k 326.6k
Personal Income
Tax Rate
13.3% 6.9% 0.0%
Corporate Income
Tax Rate
8.84% 6.75% 0.0%
Largest Industry ¹ Retail Trade Retail Trade Retail Trade
¹ Non government and non health

West California

Similar to proposed West California, the comparison states Illinois and Ohio are both manufacturing centers with a dominant urban area(s) and a relatively higher incidence of unionization. These two states provide a contrasting policy model between the higher tax/regulation Illinois and Ohio’s use of tax and regulatory reforms as an economic development strategy. Counties: Los Angeles, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Ventura. Largest Cities: Los Angeles, Long Beach, Santa Clarita, Oxnard, Glendale.

W. California Illinois Ohio
Population 11.6mil 12.9mil 11.6mil
Unemployment Rate 7.8% 6.7% 5.3%
Change in Employment +131.2k +122.9k +76.7k
Poverty Rate 18.3% 14.7% 16.2%
Private Wage &
Salary Jobs
4.1mil 4.8mil 4.3mil
Personal Income
Tax Rate
13.3% 5.0% 5.39%
Corporate Income
Tax Rate
8.84% 9.5% 0.0%
Largest Industry ¹ Retail Trade Retail Trade Manufacturing
¹ Non government and non health

Silicon Valley

The comparison states Washington and Massachusetts are both high-tech centers, with Massachusetts also containing a higher education institutional concentration comparable to the Bay Area’s. Massachusetts has a reputation as a higher tax state. Both Washington and Massachusetts are higher regulation states, but often adopting different approaches to those used in California. Counties: Alameda, Contra Costa, Monterey, San Benito, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz. Largest Cities: San Jose, San Francisco, Oakland, Fremont, Salinas.

Silicon Valley Massachusetts Washington
Population 6.8mil 6.7mil 7.0mil
Unemployment Rate 5.5% 6.0% 5.7%
Change in Employment +87.7k +72.9k +67.4k
Poverty Rate 12.2% 11.9% 13.6%
Private Wage &
Salary Jobs
2.8mil 2.8mil 2.4mil
Personal Income
Tax Rate
13.3% 5.2% 0.0%
Corporate Income
Tax Rate
8.84% 8.0% 0.0% ²
Largest Industry ¹ Professional, Scientific & Technical Services Retail Trade Retail Trade
¹ Non government and non health   ² State has a gross receipts tax

Central California

The comparison states Oklahoma and Kentucky are states with a significant agricultural component in their economy combined with other core industries that are present in the proposed Central California counties—energy development in Oklahoma and manufacturing in Kentucky. Counties: Alpine, Calaveras, Fresno, Inyo, Kern, Kings, Madera, Mariposa, Merced, Mono, San Joaquin, Stanislaus, Tulare, Tuolumne. Largest Cities: Fresno, Bakersfield, Stockton, Modesto, Visalia.

C. California Kentucky Oklahoma
Population 4.2mil 4.4mil 3.9mil
Unemployment Rate 10.5% 6.5% 4.6%
Change in Employment +23.4k -19.7k -18.4k
Poverty Rate 23.7% 19.3% 17.2%
Private Wage &
Salary Jobs
1.1mil 1.5mil 1.2mil
Personal Income
Tax Rate
13.3% 6.0% 5.25%
Corporate Income
Tax Rate
8.84% 6.0% 6.0%
Largest Industry ¹ Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting Manufacturing Retail Trade
¹ Non government and non health

North California

The comparison states Oregon and Iowa are both agricultural states with a significant manufacturing base, including Oregon’s status as a manufacturing location for many Silicon Valley companies. Counties: Amador, El Dorado, Marin, Napa, Nevada, Placer, Sacramento, Sierra, Solano, Sonoma, Sutter, Yolo, Yuba. Largest Cities: Sacramento, Santa Rosa, Elk Grove, Roseville, Vallejo.

N. California Oregon Iowa
Population 3.8mil 3.9mil 3.1mil
Unemployment Rate 6.5% 7.1% 4.1%
Change in Employment +34.9k +38.7k +39.7k
Poverty Rate 15.1% 17.0% 12.7%
Private Wage &
Salary Jobs
1.1mil 1.4mil 1.2mil
Personal Income
Tax Rate
13.3% 9.9% 8.98%
Corporate Income
Tax Rate
8.84% 7.6% 12.0%
Largest Industry ¹ Retail Trade Retail Trade Manufacturing
¹ Non government and non health

South California

The comparison states Georgia and North Carolina both generally rank high in most business climate rankings. Similar to the university centers in the proposed South California counties, North Carolina contains the Research Triangle that serves as a growth center for high tech portion of its economy. Counties: Imperial, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego. Largest Cities: San Diego, Anaheim, Santa Ana, Riverside, Chula Vista.

S. California Georgia North Carolina
Population 10.8mil 10.0mil 9.8mil
Unemployment Rate 6.9% 8.2% 7.0%
Change in Employment +105.4k -7.1k +9.1k
Poverty Rate 16.2% 19.2% 18.0%
Private Wage &
Salary Jobs
3.5mil 3.3mil 3.3mil
Personal Income
Tax Rate
13.3% 6.0% 5.8%
Corporate Income
Tax Rate
8.84% 6.0% ² 6.0%
Largest Industry ¹ Retail Trade Retail Trade Retail Trade
¹ Non government and non health   ² State has a gross receipts tax